v 1940
Ø May 10- Germany moves into France, Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands; Churchill takes over England
Ø June 10- Italy declares war on Britain and France
Ø June 22- France signs armistice
Ø July 10- Battle of Britain begins
Ø December 30- Air raid on London by Germany
v 1941
Ø March 11-FDR signs Lend-Lease act
Ø July 3- Stalin calls for the scorched earth policy
Ø August 20- Siege of Leningrad
Ø October 2- March toward Moscow
Ø December 5- Germany gives up on taking Moscow
Ø December 7- Pearl Harbor bombed
Ø December 8- US and Britain declare war on Japan
Ø December 11- Germany declares war on US
Ø December 16- Hitler gets complete control of Army
v 1942
Ø January 26- First US troops in Britain
Ø June 25- Eisenhower in London
v 1943
Ø January 10- Soviets launch counter-attack against Germans at Stalingrad
Ø February 2- Germans surrender; first big loss
Ø July 25- Mussolini arrested; Fascist government falls
Ø September 12- Germans free Mussolini
Ø September 23- Mussolini re-establishes Fascist government
Ø November 28- Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin meet in Teheran
v 1944
Ø June 5- Allies get into Rome
Ø June 6- D-Day
Ø August 4- Anne Frank arrested
Ø December 16-27- Battle of the Bulge
v 1945
Ø January 26- Auschwitz liberated
Ø February 4-11- Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin meet in Yalta
Ø April 21- Soviets get into Berlin
Ø April 28- Mussolini captured again; this time is hung
Ø April 30- Hitler commits suicide
Ø July 16- First test of Atom Bomb
Ø August 6- First Atom Bomb dropped on Hiroshima
Ø August 9- Second Atom Bomb dropped on Nagasaki
Ø September 2- Japan signs surrender agreement

Hiroshima was a large scale Japanese city. In 1945, the United States dropped an atomic bomb on the city. President Harry S. Truman made the decision to drop the bomb on the city. The decision was made because the Japanese would not surrender to the United States and the other Allies, so the bomb was dropped as a means to force surrender. The blast of the bomb was extremely powerful and it caused the death of over 100,000 people due to the injuries caused and also because of the radiation that affected many of the citizens years later. After the bomb was dropped, the US demanded surrender. It never came so the US dropped the second bomb on Nagasaki.
What it Changed
The dropping of this bomb caused the destruction of a Japanese city. It caused the Japanese to consider surrendering and also showed the entire world what the US had under its sleeve to obliterate any enemy in war. Shortly after the bomb was dropped, the Soviets joined the war against Japan and started to conquer Japanese assets in China. Ultimately, this event was the end of the war, regardless of the second bomb dropped on Nagasaki.
Primary Source
This source is the press release of President Harry Truman regarding the bombing of Hiroshima. This address was given to the American people and explained the bomb, what had taken place, and why the decision was made. This was an important speech because it really let the public know why the events that had taken place happened and what it all meant in the big scheme of things.


Pearl Harbor
The naval base at Pearl Harbor was set in Hawaii and the Japanese bombed the base on bombed the base on December 7, 1941. The Japanese launched this attack because they feared United States intervention with their goals in the Pacific. The attack was launched from about 230 miles away from Hawaii with the Japanese having brought six aircraft carriers and also used torpedoes to attack docked ships. The attack killed over 2000 people and injured another 1000.
What it Changed
After this attack, the United States and Great Britain declared war on Japan. Soon after, Germany and Italy declare war on the United States. It ushered the United States into the war. The country would have joined regardless, but this attack caused the US to enter the war much sooner. It also caused the United States to want to avenge its losses and attack Japan, but the President, FDR, focused more on Europe—especially D-Day—before finally focusing all of the US forces against the Japanese.
This source is the viewpoint from the leading pilot of the first attack who flew a bomber in the attack. This pilot also stayed after the first attack to see what damage had been done and also to watch over the second attack. This diary explains what the pilot saw and also what he experienced such as his plane being shot. Overall, this primary source is just a viewpoint of what a Japanese pilot experienced while flying the attack on Pearl Harbor.

The D-Day Landings was the assault on German forces on the coast of France at Normandy. The United States and Great Britain were the lead attackers under General Dwight Eisenhower. The US and Great Britain dropped troops in through the air and also brought troops to the shore by sea. Before any of this happened, there were air raids to attack the defending troops stationed at the shore. The attack was designed to gain land on the main continent of Europe and then move further inland from Normandy.
What it Changed
This assault changed the entire dynamic of the war. It gave the Allies land to work with and also a large morale boost for beating the German army in a large scale battle. This allowed the Allies to move into Europe and ultimately finish the Western War and focus on the war with Japan. The failure to defend the beach forced Germans to retreat and hope to defend bases further inland. This clearly did not happen as the Allies were able to move inland rather quickly.
This primary source is a collection of letters home to loved ones from soldiers who fought at D-Day. These letters contain very little information about location or what has taken place because during war time, letters were read and confiscated if they contained information that should not be shared. While these letters do not give many specifics, it can be pictured what has happened after reading some of the letters because there are references to graves and many friends being lost.

Works Cited
"American Experience . D-Day . Letters from the Front |." PBS. Web. 01 Mar. 2010. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/dday/sfeature/sf_letters.html>.

D-Day Map. Digital image. Royal Navy Submarine Museum. Web. 28 Feb. 2010. <http://www.rnsubmus.co.uk/images/dday/02%20-%20D-Day%20map.gif>.

"D-Day." World War II History Info. Web. 01 Mar. 2010. <http://worldwar2history.info/D-Day/>.

"December 7, 1941 - Japanese Bomb Pearl Harbor." The History Place. Web. 28 Feb. 2010. <http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/timeline/pearl.htm>.

Fuchida, Mitsuo. "Attack At Pearl Harbor, 1941 - The Japanese View." EyeWitness to History - history through the eyes of those who lived it. Web. 28 Feb. 2010. <http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/pearl2.htm>.

Goff, Richard, Walter G. Moss, Janice Terry, Jiu-Hwa Upshur, and Michael Schroeder. The Twentieth Century and Beyond A Global History. New York: McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages, 2007. Print.

Hiroshima after the Bomb. Digital image. Electrodes. Web. 28 Feb. 2010. <http://electrodes.files.wordpress.com/2009/07/hiroshima__aftermath.jpg>.

Map of Japanese Empire. Digital image. Japan Focus. Web. 28 Feb. 2010. <www.japanfocus.org/data/Japanese_Empire2.png>.

Miller, Judy. D-Day. Digital image. Britannica Blog. 4 June 2009. Web. 28 Feb. 2010. <http://www.britannica.com/blogs/wp-content/uploads/2009/06/d-day.jpg>.

Pearl Harbor Bombings Map. Digital image. Wikimedia Commons. 17 July 2005. Web. 28 Feb. 2010. <http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1c/Pearl_Harbor_bombings_map.jpg>.

Planes taking off to attack. Digital image. Naval History and Heritage. Web. 28 Feb. 2010. <http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/images/g70000/g71198.jpg>.

Truman, Harry. "Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima Press Release - Harry Truman." American History From About. Web. 28 Feb. 2010. <http://americanhistory.about.com/od/worldwarii/a/presshiroshima.htm>.

"World War Two in Europe Timeline." The History Place. Web. 28 Feb. 2010. <http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/timeline/ww2time.htm>.