Time Line

- Dec 7, 1941 - Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor
- Dec 8, 1941 - United States and Britain declare war on Japan
- Dec 11, 1941 - Germany declares war on the United States
- Jan 13, 1942 - Germans begin a U-boat offensive along east coast of USA
- June 30, 1942 - Rommel reaches El Alamein near Cairo, Egypt
- July 1-30, 1942 - First Battles of El Alamein
- June 6, 1944 - D-Day landings
- Oct 21, 1944 - Massive German surrender at Aachen
- April 30, 1945 - Adolf Hitler commits suicide
- May 8, 1945 - V-E (Victory in Europe) Day
- Aug 6, 1945 - First atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima, Japan
- Aug 8, 1945 - Soviets declares war on Japan and invade Manchuria
- Aug 9, 1945 - Second atomic bomb dropped, on Nagasaki, Japan
- Aug 14, 1945 - Japanese agree to unconditional surrender
- Sept 2, 1945 - Japanese sign the surrender agreement; V-J (Victory over Japan) Day

Pearl Harbor

The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise aerial bombing of The United States Naval Base at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii conducted by the Japanese army. It took place on the morning of December 7, 1941 and sunk 4 U.S. navy battleships and damaged the 4 others that were present. The Japanese carried out these bombings because they saw the U.S. navy as a direct threat to their growing empire and knew they needed to take them out.

Pearl Harbor changed the course of the war because it brought the United States into the war with Japan and also with both Germany and Italy on the western front. This changed the U.S. strategy from a country who was helping their allies to a country that was fighting its own war. Luckily for the U.S., some of their ships were not at Pearl Harbor at the time, so some were spared from the bombing. For Japan, they then had to fight a two front war both in China against allied forces and against the U.S. on various different islands in the Pacific Ocean.


Roosevelt Speech

This is the speech by FDR the day after the bombings where he informed the American people of the events that took place and that the United States of America would declare war on Japan. This is important because this marks the start of the war between USA and Japan.

Image: This image shows a Japanese plane torpedo-bombing the USS West Virginia.
Image: This image shows the ships that were at Pearl Harbor at the time and which were damages, sunk, and left unharmed.

First off, D-Day is a military term used to describe the day when a planned operation is to be initiated. This particular D-Day, the most famous, took place on June 6, 1944 and marked the landing of the allied forces, particularly the Americans, in Normandy, France. Here, they took on German forces and forced them back and later came the surrendering of the Nazi Party and the suicide of Hitler.

These landings and later battles led to a decisive allied victory and to a halt in German offensives that shortly there-after led to the end of Hitler and Nazi Germany. This changed the German strategy from an offensive mind to a defensive and then a need to surrender. The allied strategy became completely offensive minded and because of that, they won the war on the western front.


Eisenhower D-Day Quote

This picture shows President Eisenhower's quote shortly before the invasion of the beaches at Normandy. He simply states "You are about to embark upon the great crusade toward which we have striven these many months. The eyes of the world are upon you...I have full confidence in your courage, devotion to duty and skill in battle." This is important because had he not planned this invasion and then carried it out, the Germans would have continued to battle and continued to kill and expand their empire.

Image: This image shows the U.S. army troops heading to shore on the day of the landings in Normandy, France.


The atomic bombing of Nagasaki took place on August 9, 1945 in Nagasaki, Japan which was a large seaport for Japan during the war. The bombing was the second in Japan in only a few days (Hiroshima) and wiped out the entire city. This marked the end of the war for Japan and the winding down of WWII as a whole.

The result of the bombing was that Japan surrendered just 5 days later in fear of another atomic bomb being dropped on their country. This obviously changed the Japanese strategy from an offensive on the islands of the Pacific to a complete halt and surrender. The strategy of the U.S. for this part of the war was extremely offensive when they made the decision to drop the bombs killing thousands of innocent people. Afterward, U.S. President, Harry S. Truman said he had no regrets about dropping the bombs.


Harry Truman Quote (See middle of page)

In the middle of the page, you can see a short paragraph quote from Harry S. Truman where he explains why he used the atomic bomb twice and killed so many innocent people. This is important because had he not felt justified to drop the bombs, the war with Japan would have continued, and thousands of innocent lives would have been spared, although probably for thousands of military lives.

Image: This image shows a before and after (the bomb) picture of Nagasaki, Japan. You can see the total destruction the atom bomb caused to anything near it. It also caused much damage to things outside of the pictures.

This map shows the "Atlantic Wall" that the Germans had put up between them and the allied forces to keep them from invading onto the land of any of their provinces. The landings at Normandy marked the breaking of the "wall". You can see the German territory (blue) and their "wall" (green) as well as the gray water and the British Empire (red).


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