Chris Noda - Turning Points Project

Ms. Mauser
2/28/2010

Time line


Be sure to click on the events for more information about them! Each includes the date that the event happened along with the significance of the event. After clicking on the event, use the arrows to scroll through the events or click the "x" to go back to the time line!



Major Turning Point


Pearl Harbor


In-Depth Examination


Pearl Harbor was a Japanese attack against the American's on December 7th, 1941. On this date, Japanese planes flew around Pearl Harbor and opened fire onto the ships and the people below. Pearl Harbor, located in Hawaii, housed that day the military ships that would be necessary to fight in the Pacific. The assault sunk many of the crucial battleships and aircraft carriers that were a necessity in the Pacific warfare. These battleships and planes were not recovered. The Japanese first started to brew the ideas of Pearl Harbor and Pacific conquest when the Great Depression hit. The United States at the time were very prestigious and they thought that surely a victory against the Americans would be a victory for Pacific conquest. Their plan ends up backfiring in the end when they suffer major losses from the atom bomb towards the end of the war.

As a turning point in the war, Pearl Harbor brought many American's to the attention of Japan. At the time, Roosevelt was more concerned about Germany that Japan and "Furthermore, he saw Germany as America's main enemy. This 'Europe first' strategy was affirmed with Churchill at the Arcadia conference in late December 1941" (http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwtwo/pearl_harbour_01.shtml). They were a real threat and they are fully capable of striking again. Now that America has seen how Japan acts, they are of course going to declare war and join in the fighting to liberate not only Europe, but the pacific as well.

Picture


external image arizona_pearlharbor.jpg
Battleship Arizona

This above picture sums up the Damage of Pearl Harbor. As this battleship Arizona sinks, the onlookers must be worrying for their life about what is too come and how to deal with this. It is incredible that there was so much damage so quickly to so many ships. This is relevant to the turning point of the war because if the President saw this picture, he would undoubtedly declare war.

Primary


"Yesterday, December 7, 1941—a date which will live in infamy—the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan." - Franklin D. Roosevelt (on Pearl Harbor)

Primary Source - Roosevelt Quote


This primary document may be short, but it fully sums up the entire importance and the situation in just one sentence. Now we clearly know what his course of action will be, and what happened simply from this sentence. "Deliberately attacked" gives the connotation of revenge is what it seems like. Roosevelt seems like he really wants revenge no matter what the cost. Roosevelt conveys his anger to the public and in a little bit later in his speech declares war on Japan. He will also declare war on Germany and Italy later.



Operation Barbarossa


In Depth Examination


On June 22 1941, Operation Barbarossa was put into development. The Germans that developed this plan thought that the Russians served their purpose as an ally and they were no longer in need of service. Adolf Hitler threw the Non-Aggression pact out of the window and allowed for the bulk of their military to be sent into Russia. This plan was brewed so that Germany can use the Soviets as an ally for as long as they need too, and then later turn on them. The success of this mission depended on how quickly the Germans could defeat Moscow since sooner or later they would run out of resources.

Operation Barbarossa indefinitely changed the views of the Germans making it a turning point of the war. The Germans always though that Communism was an unappealing government. Before Operation Barbarossa began, they were working with the Russians to defeat the Allied powers. Almost over night, the Germans went from being allies with Russia to conquering and killing their troops. They did not stop advancing even when they captured Kiev, the southernmost large city of Russia, and surrounded Leningrad. Just like that, the Germans invasion totally changed their goals and now they are on a rampage.


This mission greatly affected the Russians in a negative fashion. At first, they were great allies with Germany and they were destroying the Allied powers. When Operation Barbarossa began, they started to get worried. The Germans fast advances were causing the Russians to lose their troops very quickly. They immediately changed their goal in the war after the Operation begun. They were going to take a vengeance on Germany, in fact, they were going to completely switch sides in the war. Once the Germans had taken Kiev and Leningard, they only had Moscow to defend. Because the Germans were poor in supplies and they had a lack of resources the Russians were able to counter attack. This bought them a lot of time until D-Day came around to open up another front.

Visual


Germans in the Soviet's Crop Fields

This picture above represents what the Germans were doing to the Soviet Union at the time of Operation Barbarossa put into effect. In this picture, the Germans are crossing through a wheat field clearly in the country of the Soviet Union. Fighting took place on the Soviet's valuable resource land, as well as in their own cities. Operation Barbarossa was a blitzkrieg method of fighting and these tanks are ready to plow through the wheat fields at top speed. The significance of this picture is that while the Russians were fighting on their home land, they are cautious to destroy it; however, the Germans could care less about what they destroyed or fought with. They found that using their tanks and their blitzkrieg fighting would be an effective way to monitor the Russians that were in their way of Moscow.

Primary


Primary Source - Operation Barbarossa

This primary source is an evaluation of the Soviet's army during the invasion of the U.S.S.R. The Red army is being evaluated based on their arms and their ability to fight back against an invasion. This article is very important to Operation Barbarossa because the Germans knew that they would not attack if they did not know they would win. When they discussed the strength of the army, they were also discussing their strategy to attack on the Russian homeland. Because they were able to attack with Blitzkrieg, they could overcome the red forces that are provided by the research in this article and fight all the way to Moscow. This later proved ineffective since they were forced to flee from lack of resources and food.



D-Day


In Depth Examination


D-Day is a day that will always live in history as one of the greatest days for the U.S military. This invasion involved the U.S, Britain, and the U.S.S.R leading an assault against the Germans. The north beaches of France were the target landing site in order to establish a second front for the fighting. The reason D-Day occurred was because of the struggle of the Soviets on only a one front war. The Russians were struggling with the Germans on their own home land and the Germans only focused their militia on them. They needed another front to distract some of the German troops away from the Soviets. D-Day was carried out one morning by sailing soldiers across the English Channel by means of battleships and attacking the Germans at their port city.

While D-Day seems like a seemingly small offensive, it had positive effects for the tides of war for the Allied powers (and Soviet Union). The United States now had their own front to fight on instead of just air and naval fight in the Pacific. The Soviets had the same thoughts in their head. They loved the second front and were able to push forward due to the loss of soldiers of the Germans and barrage from them on the Eastern front. The Russians goal changed from defending to pushing the Germans all the way to Berlin

D-Day also had rather negative effects on the Axis powers and ultimately caused V-E day, or victory in Europe day. Germany was in a world of panic right now without a sufficient ally to help with. At this point, the Italians had already surrendered and the Japanese were too far away to offer assistance. The Germans were forced to send their troops and supplies to create a new front . This front slowly started to move towards Berlin and the end of the war. The Germans strategy totally turned from blitzkrieg and win now to defending the city so they do not ultimately die out. This did not happen all in one day, but it was the effects of D-day that people remember it by the most.

Visual




In terms of famous battles, D-Day forever ranks as one of the most important fought by the Americans. This video is a video display of actual footage that occurred on D-Day of June sixth, 1944. This video does an excellent job of portraying the conditions and the courage of the Americans and British as they charged onto the beaches of France.

Primary


FDR on Germany after WW2

This primary document discusses President Roosevelt's demands of Germany immediately following D-Day. Through this article, he makes Hitler feel like his has lost and should just give up hope now. FDR says, "Your No. 544 and the fact that you will not be here at the time, make it all the more necessary that you should send someone who will express your views. I do not." This right here means that Germany better make an effort to surrender or they will be in a world of hurt. Roosevelt does not see why they are still fighting, so the Germans better send someone that does. After the success of D-Day, the Germans are as good as done and FDR only sees things ending very badly for them.


Map + Discussion


Pearl Harbor


external image pearl-harbor-map.jpg

This map depicts the ships that were destroyed over the fight of Pearl Harbor. While it does not show the Japanese Strategy of the attack, it shows the devastation in thinking that every ship in red is in fact a major destroyer ship.This map also shows the extent to how the Japanese bombed Pearl harbor. Each of this ship was expensive and could have been very useful to the war. They also housed sailors and military units. By sinking them, lives were lost and the morale of the country shot down. FDR immediately responded with a declaration of war against the Japanese.



Operation Barbarossa


external image Barbarossa.jpg

Operation Barbarossa was a powerful and very expensive military procedure that occurred during the middle of World War 2. This map clearly depicts Germany's intents into the Russian homeland. They would clearly take every Russian city quickly and then they would storm Moscow for the win. This however did not work and they were stopped just outside of Moscow and forced to retreat from a lack of resources.



D-Day


external image earth.jpg

D-Day was a military attack lead by the British and American troops onto the beaches of France during the end of WW2. This map clearly shows the path taken by the troops on D-Day and the months to follow. While this procedure was a long process, the lasting effects were brilliant as they saw the downfall of Germany. After they invaded the beaches, the remaining troops split up and separated all around Europe to topple Germany and end WW2 in Europe.

Bibliography


(The wiki would not allow me to indent the lines for citations)

Pictures


"Ww2" Online Image. 21 Feb. 2010 <http://www.anzacday.org.au/history/ww2/images/ww2.jpg>

Pearl Harbor Map. 22 Feb. 2010 http://www.planetware.com/i/map/US/pearl-harbor-map.jpg

Barbarossa Map. 22 Feb. 2010 <http://history.sandiego.edu/gen/st/~colinm/Stalingrad%20Pics/Barbarossa.jpg >

D-Day Map. 22 Feb, 2010 <http://www.talkingproud.us/ImagesHistory/DDay60th/InvasionMap.jpg>

"Arizona - Pearl Harbor". Online Image25, Feb. 2010 <http://www.mishalov.com/images/arizona_pearlharbor.jpg>

"Panzer III and panzer grenadiers advance under fire through a wheat field". Online Image.24 Feb 2010 <http://worldwar2database.com/photos/wwii122.jpg>

Websites


"The Manhatten Project: The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima" Cof.Doe.Gov 21 Feb. 2010
<http://www.cfo.doe.gov/me70/manhattan/hiroshima.htm>

"The Manhatten Project: The Atomic Bombing of Nagasaki" Cof.Doe.Gov 21 Feb. 2010
<http://www.cfo.doe.gov/me70/manhattan/nagasaki.htm>

"The Spanish Civil War: An overview" English.illinois.edu 21 Feb. 2010
<http://www.english.illinois.edu/maps/scw/overview.htm>

"Munich Agreement" Schoolnet 21 Feb. 2010 <http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/2WWmunich.htm>

"Turning Points of WW2" 2worldwar2.com 21 Feb. 2010 <http://www.2worldwar2.com/turning-points-in-world-war-2.htm>

"The Battle of Britain" Worldwar2history 22 Feb 2010 <http://www.worldwar2history.info/Battle-of-Britain/>

"D-Day" army.mill 22 Feb. 2010 <http://www.army.mil/D-day/>

"Pearl Harbor Raid, 7 December 2010" history.navy 22 Feb. 2010 <http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/events/wwii-pac/pearlhbr/pearlhbr.htm>

"The Battle of Midway, 4-5 Jun 1942" willamette.edu 22 Feb 2010 <http://www.willamette.edu/~rloftus/midwaypage.html>

"The Battle of Stalingard" historylearningsite 22 Feb. 2010 <http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/battle_of_stalingrad.htm>

'World War 2 1939-1945" infoplease23 Feb. 2010< http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0001288.html>

"The Casablanca Conference" nisk.k12 23 Feb 2010 <http://www.nisk.k12.ny.us/fdr/ideas/portfolio/hoag/hoag.html>

Churchill, Winston S., Office of the Prime Minister. "President Franklin D. Roosevelt's Proposed Statement to the German
People Following D-Day, May 1944". Public Record Office PREM 3/339/3. Microform Source: Primary Source Microfilm,
Churchill at War. Reproduced in History Resource Center. Farmington Hills,MI:Gale.http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet
/History/

"Allied Invasion of France (D-Day), 1944." History in Dispute, Vol. 4: World War II, 1939-1943. Dennis Showalter, ed. St. James
Press, 2000. Reproduced in History Resource Center. Farmington Hills, MI: Gale. http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet
/History/

Book


Goff, Richard. Moss, Walter. Terry, Janice. Upshur, Jiu-Hwa. Schroeder, Michael. The Twentieth Century and Beyond. New York:
McGraw Hill, 2008

Primary


"Franklin D. Roosevelt: quote on the Pearl Harbor attack." American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 23 Feb. 2010.
<http://www.americanhistory.abc-clio.com>

"Operation Barbarossa" Operation Barbarossa, 2010. Web. 24 Feb. 2010 <http://operationbarbarossa.net/OBTCMS/Part-
IV/Mobilisation/Sov%20RDs%20mobilised%20June-Dec%201941.pdf>

Churchill, Winston S., Office of the Prime Minister. "President Franklin D. Roosevelt's Proposed Statement to the German People
Following D-Day, May 1944". Public Record Office PREM 3/339/3. Microform Source: Primary Source Microfilm, Churchill
at War. Reproduced in History Resource Center. Farmington Hills, MI: Gale. http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/History/

Video


D-Day 6/6/44 Stage. Fighters for the Allies of D-Day (main actors?) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uPU4p7UQOtU 01, Feb1
2006. 25, Feb. 2010